LT-PBR Recipes

Recipes for You to Use and Adapt

A number of recipes and conceptual diagrams for low tech process based restoration structures and principles. Of the recipes shown here, most are open source so you can use them for your purposes in your own designs, permit applications and reports. Like most recipes, local adaptations, substitutions and changes can be made to best suit your needs. However, when getting started, or for defining minimum standards of practice, the receipes are helpful. We license all these with a creative commons attribution license so you can adapt for your own purposes and, distribute and share:

Structure Recipes

Adapted from Appendix C (Table 4) in Chapter 1 - Shahverdian et al. (2019)

Promoting and/or Mimicking Wood Accumulation

Name Helpful Reference(s)
Seeding of Wood – Direct Recruitment of Unanchored Wood  
Direct Felling Carah, J.K., Blencowe, C.C., Wright, D.W. and Bolton, L.A., 2014. Low-Cost Restoration Technique for Rapidly Increasing Wood Cover in Coastal Coho Salmon Streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2014.943861
Grip-Hoisting Micelston, E., 2014. Rigging Handbook for Trail Work, New York-New Jersey Trail Conference. New York - New Jersey Trail Conference, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 24.
  An Introduction to Rigging for Trail Work
Structural Placement of Wood Accumulations  
Post-Assisted Log Structures Chapter 5 (Shahverdian et al., 2019)
Improving Supply of Woody Material  
Riparian Plantings (Hall et al., 2011)
Grazing Management (Swanson et al., 2015)

Promoting and/or Mimicking Beaver Dam Activity

Name Helpful Reference(s)
Beaver Translocation (Woodruff and Pollock, 2015)
Beaver Dam Analogues Chapter 5 (Shahverdian et al., 2019)
Trapping Closures Figure 7; (Valachovic)
Grazing Management (to improve vegetation availability for beaver dam activity) See Chapter II of Kraebel and Pillsbury (1934); See Butterfield et al. (2019) - Holistic Management Handbook

Erosion Control

These are typically done in intermittent & ephemeral channels, but not exclusively.

Name Helpful Reference(s)
Baffles (Zeedyk and Clothier, 2009) - See pp. 85-91.
One Rock Dams (Maestas et al., 2018; Zeedyk and Clothier, 2009) - see pp 102-104 in Zeedyke and Clothier (2009); see also Pocket Guide
Post and Brush Dams Kraebel and Pillsbury (1934) - See Structures No. 7 & 8 (Figures 20-29)
Post and Brush Plugs Kraebel and Pillsbury (1934) - See Structure No. 2 (Figure 10)
Tree Dam Kraebel and Pillsbury (1934) - See Structures No. 11 & 12 (Figures 36-38)
Tree Plug Kraebel and Pillsbury (1934) - See Structure No. 3 (Figure 11)
Vanes (Zeedyk and Clothier, 2009) - See pp. 92-98.
Wicker Wiers (Zeedyk and Clothier, 2009) - See pp. 100-102.
Zuni Bowls (Maestas et al., 2018; Zeedyk and Clothier, 2009) - See pp 106-107 in Zeedy and Clothier (2009); see also Pocket Guide

Zeedyk, B. and Clothier, V., 2009. Let the Water Do the Work: Induced Meandering, an Evolving Method for Restoring Incised Channels. Island Press, Washington D.C., 256 pp

Kraebel, C.J. and Pillsbury, A.F., 1934. Handbook of Erosion Control in Mouuntain Meadows, U.S. Forest Service, California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA.

Maestas, J.D., Conner, S., Zeedyk, B., Neely, B., Rondeau, R., N. Seward, Chapman, T., With, L. and Murph., R., 2018. Hand-built structures for restoring degraded meadows in sagebrush rangelands: Examples and lessons learned from the Upper Gunnison River Basin, Colorado, USDA, Natural Resource Conservation Service, Range Techncial Note No. 40. Denver, CO.

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