Appendix 3A - Parallels Between Different Planning Frameworks for Restoration

Parallels Between Different Planning Frameworks for Restoration

Table 1 from Bennett et al. (2019) - Nine planning steps, associated planning concepts, and adaptive management steps for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating a restoration project adapted from NRCS (2007), Yochum (2016), Skidmore et al. (2011), and Bouwes et al. (2016).

Planning Step Planning Concept(s) Adaptive Management Step and Actions Riverscape Design Manual Chapter
1. Identify Overall Management Goals, Problems & Opportunities - Identify the management goals and setting Plan Chapter 1, 2, 3
  - Identify causes of impairment and related processes - Identify management goals and problem  
  - Look upstream and downstream and where possible address watershed issues before reach scale issues    
  - Don’t assume the stream needs to be fixed – erosion and channel migration are natural    
2. Determine Initial Objectives - Identify causes of impairment and related processes Plan Chapter 1, 2, 3
    -Develop initial objectives  
3 & 4. Inventory and Analyze Resources (aka Assessments) - Synthesis of previous assessments and planning efforts Plan Chapter 3
  - Embrace uncertainty due to natural variability as an asset - Review past assessments  
    - Develop conceptual models of riverscape function  
5 & 6. Formulate and Evaluate Alternatives - Question constraints and remove rather than introduce new constraints Plan Chapter 3
  - Evaluate alternative restoration strategies - Determine and evaluate restoration actions  
    - Implement a trail to test conceptual models  
7. Make Decisions & Select Restoration Action - Design for resilient projects to protect restoration investment in the future. Plan Chapter 3, 6
    - Develop monitoring plan, benchmarks (triggers) for implementing maintenance and addressing risk  
8. Implement the Plan - Maximize natural processes – restore rather than constrain natural stream processes Do Chapter 4, 5, 6
  - Do no lasting harm during restoration - Implement monitoring plan (including pre-project data)  
    - Implement low-tech process-based restoration  
9. Evaluate the Plan - Follow up and learn Evaluate, Learn, Adjust Chapter 6
  - Adjust to if necessary increase efficiency of future projects - evaluate monitoring data, update conceptual models and monitoring plan if necessary, and initiate maintenance as needed  

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